Techniques for maintaining the dimensions of the alveolar ridge
The dimensions of the alveolar ridge are reduced after the teeth are extracted. This reduction may be up to more than 50% in some cases, 1 year after tooth extraction, and may be particularly evident in the anterior region of the maxilla (aesthetic zone). The use of mainly bone grafts and soft tissue transplants is intended to preserve the dimensions of the alveolar ridge, ultimately aiming at the seamless implantation of dental implants and the satisfactory aesthetics of the area where the extractions were performed.
Socket preservation in second mandibular premolar using xenograft. Due to the very small width of the buccal bone plate in the region of extraction, non grafting would make it very difficult to place an implant.